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Nepal at a glance
Nepal at a glance
Location in the globe : Longitude 80º 4’ to 88º 12’ East. Latitude 26º22’ to 30º 27’ North.
Area : 147181 square kilometers
Altitude Variation : 70 meters to 8,848 meters
Local Time : GMT + 5 hours 45 minutes
Capital   : Kathmandu. 1350 meters above sea level, population 1 million
Population : 20 million
Climate : Tropical in the lowlands to the Arctic Tundra at the higher altitudes
People  : 61 Ethnic groups and 70 dialects
Mountain Ranges  : Central Himalaya ( 885 kilometers)   
Peaks above 8,000 m



Mt. Everest (8,848m.), Kanchenjunga (8,586m.), Lhotse (8,516m.), Makalu (8,463m.), Cho Oyu (8,201m.), Dhaulagiri 1 (8,163m.), Manaslu (8,163m.), Nanga Parbat (8,125m), Annapurna 1(8,091m), Shisha Pangma (8,013m)

Flora      :

Approximately 6,500 species of known trees, shrubs and wild flowers. Includes Orchids, Blue-puppies

Birds : 850 species (approx. 10% of the world species)
Mammals :

180species include Snow Leopard, Royal Bengal Tiger, Great One Horned Rhinoceros, Yeti (snowman, but never confirmed)

Reptiles : Two species of crocodiles, several varieties of Snakes and Lizards


- Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the South
- Location: Latitude: 26o12' to 30o27' North Longitude:80o4' to 88o12' East
- Capital: Kathmandu
- Population: 23 million
- People: more than 60 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages
- Climate: sub-tropical in low lands to arctics in higher altitudes
- Language: Nepali
- Currency: Nepalese Rupee
- Political System: Multiparty democracy with constituitional monarchy.
- National Bird: Impean Pheasant (Danfe).
- National Flower: Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans).

Nepal Culture
Nepal has several ancient pilgrimage sites. Each temple is attached to a legend or belief that glorifies the miraculous powers of its deity. Kathmandu Valley is home to the famous Pashupatinath Temple, Swayambhu Stupa and several other famous temples. Hundreds of famous temples are located in and around the Kathmandu Valley.
Some well-known pilgramage sites are: Barah Chhetra, Halesi Mahadev, Janakpur, Pathibhara, Tengboche in East Nepal; Manakaman, Gorkha, Lumbini, Muktinath, Gosainkunda, Tansen, Kathmandu Valley in Central Nepal; and Swargadwari, Khaptad Ashram in West Nepal.

Nepal is also the Gateway to Kailash Mansarovar, the mythical abode of Lord Shiva. Devotees from various parts of Nepal and India throng the temples during special festivals. Even though weak infrastructure renders some places hard to reach, efforts are being made on national level to develop and promote some popular sites.

Pilgrimage sites of Nepal like Muktinath and Gosainkunda make popular trekking destinations. Tours to these sites are encouraged for the novelty they provide in terms of nature and culture.

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